New Study Links Genetically Engineered Corn to Infertility 新研究结果显示:转基因玉米导致不育症

New Study Links Genetically Engineered Corn to Infertility       新研究结果显示:转基因玉米导致不育症

目录:

1. New study confirms GM food damages fertility – GM Free Cymru 新的研究证实了转基因食品会损害生殖能力。 
2. Austrian study shows GM corn negatively affects reproductive health in mice – Austrian Agency for Health and Food   奥地利的研究显示,转基因对小老鼠的繁殖系统的健康有下降的影响。– 奥地利卫生和食品管理局
3. Monsanto’s statement on safety allegations related to transgenic maize NK603 X MON 810   孟山都公司针对转基因系列玉米NK603 X MON 810食品安全质疑的声明
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正文:
1. New study confirms that GM food damages fertility  新的研究证实了转基因食品会损害生殖能力。   GM Free Cymru, 12 November 2008    发表于GM Free Cymru杂志,2008年11月12日。

In a new Austrian study that will send shock waves through the corridors of power in the EU, and through the offices of the GM corporations, it has been discovered that GM corn has a damaging effect upon the reproductive system (1).  这个新的奥地利研究结果,将如冲击波一样震动欧盟的权力中心,以及那些生产和销售转基因食品的公司。研究结构显示:转基因食品对繁殖系统有损害作用。

The work was done at the request of the Austrian Health Ministry, and the results were presented yesterday by Professor Jurgen Zentek and his team to an expert conference organized by the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety.  这项研究是在奥地利卫生部的请求下开始进行的。研究结果昨天已经被公布出来。Jurgen Zentek 教授和他的团队把这项的研究结果向奥地利卫生和食品安全局的专家们做了展示。 

The work was done at the University of Vienna, using a GM maize hybrid line called NK603 x MON810, which has two copies of the RR gene in it, each copy with its own, different promoter sequence, as well as the MON810 gene.  这项研究是在维也纳大学进行的。研究所用的转基因玉米是hybrid(两者合成的)的:NK603 x MON810。它有两个 RR 基因, 每个基因有其自己不同的 promoter sequence (高手帮忙?),  MON810也是如此。 

 In one of the very few long-term nutrition studies conducted so far with an approved GM product (2), it became apparent over a period of 20 weeks that the fertility of GM corn fed mice was seriously impaired, with fewer offspring than mice fed on non-GM equivalent material. 研究项目之一是为了考察长期食用已经获准允许上市的转基因食品对健康的影响。在长达20周的实验期间,实验老鼠的生殖能力已经被严重的损坏,比那些食用非转基因的老鼠所生的后代要少。

In a multi-generational trial, mice fed with GM maize had fewer offspring in the third and fourth generations, and this difference was statistically significant.  另外一项研究,是考察转基因食品对后代的健康的影响:食用转基因食品的老鼠在第3代和第4代开始减少。统计结果显示与食用非转基因的老鼠有明显的差异。

Mice fed with GM-free corn reproduced more rapidly.  In a series of carefully-controlled trials, it was also discovered that there was a statistically significant decrease in litter weight in the third and fourth litters of mice in the GM-fed group as compared to the control group.   食用非转基因食品的老鼠生殖的频率更快。不仅如此,这项严格控制的实验的统计结果显示,这些第3代和第4代的老鼠的体重,比食用非转基因的那些老鼠有明显的减轻。

Although the Austrian authorities have announced the findings in a somewhat cautious fashion, stressing the urgent need for “further studies”, the implications of the work are immediate and far-reaching.  尽管奥地利官方用谨慎的态度公布了这项研究结果,尽管官方强调还需要更进一步的研究,这项研究结果的影响是深远和立竿见影的。

Speaking for GM Free Cymru, Dr Brian John said:  “This work will do huge damage to the GM industry worldwide, since it shows that a crop — Monsanto’s maize line NK603 x MON810 — which has been approved as safe by EFSA, and given consent for use in food and feed by the EC, is in fact dangerous to health.   Dr Brian John 代表 GM Free Cymru 说,这项研究对全世界转基因工业来说将是一个巨大的打击,因为它显示,孟山都的转基因作物系列 — NK603 x MON810 — 虽然被EFSA认证,并为欧盟接受,可以用在人的食品与动物饲料当中,其实它们是有害与健康的。 

  It demonstrates that the approvals process is at best inadequate and at worst corrupt. This is what NGOs have been saying for years (3).   这项研究还表明,那些所谓的认证过程,往好了说是失职的,往坏了说,是腐败的,正如NGOs(非政府组织)多年来一直所说的那样。

  At the same time this work effectively confirms the findings of Irina Ermakova in 2005, who found that rats fed on a diet including GM soya produced offspring which were weak and which had a much higher mortality rate than rats fed on a non-GM diet (4).  这项实验也验证Irina Ermakova在 2005 年所做的实验:她的研究发现:食用包括转基因大豆的饲料,使得这些老鼠的后代比不吃转基因饲料的老鼠的后代变得虚弱,并且死亡率增加。

 She also found that when both male and female animals were fed on GM soy they becam e effectively sterile and produced no offspring.   她的研究还显示:如果公和母双方都吃转基因大豆的话,它们就会变得不育,不能够生出后代。

 Her work was heavily criticised in a despicable publishing scam by a GM industry which fully appreciated its importance (5).  她的这项研究,遭到了转基因工业所制造的舆论骗局的猛烈的、卑劣的抨击,而他们完全理解这项研究的重要性。

However, there has always been a suspicion that ALL soya damages reproductive function (6).  That is why this new work — based upon GM maize rather than GM soy —  is of such massive importance.  由于一直都有人说,所有的大豆制品,都会对生殖系统有损害,所有这项新近的研究没有用转基因大豆,而是用了转基因玉米,正因为这样,它才有这如此巨大的影响和作用。

The Monsanto maize line MON863 has already been shown — in the company’s own experiments designed to mask health effects — to damage the internal organs of animals in feeding trials (7).  孟山都公司本身也做过类似的研究,其目的是为了掩盖转基因食品对机体的危害,然而其结果任然显示,食用含有孟山都的玉米系列 MON863  的饲料,会伤害动物的内脏。 

This new evidence, from an EU government-sponsored study, shows that the standard mantra that “GM does not damage health” is shown to be a lie.  这项新的欧盟政府所资助的研究结果证明,那个孟山都公司的口头禅:转基因食品对健康无害,不过是一个弥天大谎。

 GM food and feed DOES damage health in a number of ways, as this and other reliable studies have shown over the past decade, beginning with Arpad Pusztai in 1998 (8).  在1998年Arpad Pusztai开始做这方面的研究。这项最新的研究结果,正如过去十多年的其他的研究结果所显示的一样:转基因食品的的确确对健康有多种危害。

GM Free Cymru has now written to Environment Secretary Hilary Benn challenging him to revise his recent statement (9) that “the scientific evidence clearly demonstrates the safety of GM foods.”  GM Free Cymru 已经开始写信给环境部大臣Hilary Benn 并敦促他改变他最近的声明: 说“科学证据明确显示了转基因食品的安全性。”

  The NGO has accused him — and his advisory committees — of promoting “a culture of complacency” relating to GM food safety, and of implying that the GM health debate is over and done with.  非政府组织一直在指控他以及他的顾问委员会,在鼓励对转基因食品的安全性睁一只眼闭一只眼,并且暗示,关于转基因食品的对健康的影响的辩论已经结束了。

The letter (10) says: “You and your advisers have consistently shown a patronising and dismissive attitude towards independent researchers who have shown that animals fed on GM foods are harmed.  You have systematically ignored their results which show — over and again — that GM materials cause cellular and tissue damage.  Will you now revise your opinion that the GM / health debate is over, and demonstrate that you are prepared to  put the health of UK consumers above the commercial interests of the GM corporations?” 这封敦促/挑战信说:“您和您的顾问们,一直以来都对独立研究人员的研究结果持不屑一顾的态度。他们的研究结果显示出转基因食品的危害性:转基因食品会造成细胞和组织损伤。您能否改变您先前所持的转基因健康问题的辩论已经结束的观点呢?您能否把英国消费者的健康权益放在那些转基因食品公司的权益之上呢?

结束:

ENDS
Contact: Dr Brian John   医生电话: Tel 01239-820470

NOTES  注释:

(1)  Austrian study shows GM corn negatively affects reproductive health in mice http://www.ages.at/ueber-uns/presse/pressemeldungen/klars…
Genetically-engineered food: potential threat to fertility
Greenpeace International, 11 November 2008 http://www.greenpeace.org/international/press/releases/ge…

(2) NK603 x MON810 EFSA positive opinions for hybrid lines: http://www.foodlaw.rdg.ac.uk/news/eu-05071.htm
Commission approval for food and feed 24 October 2007 (includes EFSA opinion) http://www.gmo-compass.org/eng/gmo/db/61.docu.html

(3)  http://www.gmfreecymru.org/open_letters/Open_letter10Dec2… http://www.greenpeace.org/international/press/reports/gp_… http://www.i-sis.org.uk/CAGMMAD.php

(4)  http://www.regnum.ru/english/526651.html http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/ermakova.htm http://www.seedsofdeception.com/utility/showArticle/?obje… http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/rottweiler.htm

(5)  The Ermakova study was of course so appalling in its findings that the GM apologists McHughen, Moses, Chassy and Giddings “set her up” for an orchestrated attack, with the connivance of Nature Biotechnology. http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/rottweiler.htm http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/involvement_erm…

(6)  http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2008/jul/24/foodtech.me…

(7)  http://www.scoop.co.nz/mason/stories/HL0311/S00113.htm http://www.organicconsumers.org/ge/testing112403.cfm http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/monsanto2.htm

(8)  http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/ten_years_on.htm

(9)  Benn backs GM food safety News | 10 November, 2008.  By Jack Davies http://www.farmersguardian.com/story.asp?sectioncode=1&st…

(10)  Letter available on request
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2. Austrian study shows GM corn negatively affects reproductive health in mice奥地利研究显示转基因玉米对实验老鼠生殖系统的健康有消极的影响   
Clarification on new findings on feeding GM corn   关于吃转基因饲料的新研究发现的声明

Need for further studies exists  需要更进一步的研究

Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, 11 November 2008.  奥地利健康与食品卫生局,2008年11月11日

Vienna — GM corn as animal feed may, under special trial conditions, have an influence on the reproduction rate of laboratory mice. 维也纳 — 转基因玉米作为饲料可能 — 在特殊的实验条件下 — 对实验室老鼠的生殖频率产生影响

This is the result of a study by Professor Jürgen Zentek (Veterinary University of Vienna, Austria), commissioned by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Health, Family and Youth Affairs and presented today during an expert conference to AGES, the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety. While this represents an individual study whose results may not be directly applied to humans, it shows, however, that there is a need for further studies.  这是奥地利维也纳大学Jurgen Zentek教授,在奥地利联邦政府的健康\家庭\和青年事务部的委托下所做的。今天他在奥地利健康和食品安全局的专家会议上,宣布了项研究的结果。这是一项个人的研究,其结果不一定直接适用于人类,因此,有进一步的研究的必要。

Less offspring in the fourth generation 食用转基因食物的老鼠在第四代时,其后代数量减少

It was the objective of the study to analyze possible effects of GMO corn NK603 X MON810 in long-term feeding trials covering several generations of mice. 这是一项客观的研究实验:为了分析长期 — 几代时间 — 食用转基因玉米NK603 X MON810对健康的影响。

Three trial designs were applied: A multi-generation study, the method of continued breeding, and a lifetime trial.  实验分三个项目:跨代研究,持续繁殖研究,和单代终生研究。

The mice were fed a test diet of 33 percent corn of the GMO corn variety NK603 X MON810.  老鼠的饲料中含有 33% 的转基因玉米 NK603 X MON810的实验用饲料。

 In the multi-generation study, a control group was fed non-GM corn grown in Austria.  在多代研究项目里,有一个控制组,它们的食物是生在在奥地利的非转基因的玉米。

The results show no differences in the feed intake and the weight development of adult animals.   研究显示:在首代的成年老鼠中,饮食量和体重发展没有不同。

Although in one of the trial designs the number of litters and of offspring in continuous breeding of the GMO feed group decreased more than in the control group: In the GMO feed group more females were without litter than in the control group. The lifetime trial showed no difference.  但是在持续繁殖的实验项目中,食用转基因饲料的那组老鼠的后代生殖的次数和数量都比控制组的老鼠有所减少:在转基因组中,有更多数量的母鼠没有后代。单代实验结果显示没有差异。

The study shows that multi-generation studies are indeed appropriate to show feeding influences in mice. Similar approaches must analyze whether similar findings can be expected in other animals. According to Prof. Jürgen Zentek, a validation of these preliminary results by further studies is urgently necessary.  跨代实验研究结果的确能显示出来食用不同饲料的对健康的影响。必须用同样的方法在其他的动物身上做类似的实验,看看结果是否相同。Jurgen Zentek教授说,用更深入广泛的实验,来进一步地确认这些初步研究的结果,是当前十分很紧迫的任务。

Queries:  相关问题询问方法:

AGES , Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety   奥地利健康和食品安全局 
Corporate Communication: Univ.-Doz. Ingrid Kiefer Tel: +43 50 555-25000    公共关系部:Univ.-Doz. Ingrid Kiefer Tel: 电话: +43 50 555-25000   

电子邮箱:
E-Mail: ingrid.kiefer@ages.at
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3. Monsanto’s statement on safety allegations related to transgenic maize NK603 X MON 810   孟山都公司针对转基因系列玉米NK603 X MON 810食品安全质疑的声明
http://monsanto.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=43&item=658

ST. LOUIS (November 11, 2008) — On November 11, 2008, Greenpeace International published a press statement which questions the safety of two of Monsanto’s corn trait technologies, Roundup Ready Corn 2 (Event NK603) and YieldGard Corn Borer technology (Event MON810). The statement was based on a preliminary report of a study entitled,  “Biological effects of transgenic maize NK603 X MON 810 fed in long term reproduction studies in mice” released on the same day.

The full study is yet to be released, and so Monsanto cannot comment specifically on the findings. In fact, the author of the study, Dr. Jurgen Zentek, remarked that his team’s three studies show inconsistent results and should be considered preliminary.

Consistent with Dr. Zentek’s remarks, the scientific community refrains from making any substantive conclusions based on a preliminary report. The gold standard for communication of scientific results is a thorough peer review by qualified experts.

The Greenpeace press statement is inconsistent with over a decade of reputable, peer-reviewed, scientific studies, including multi-generational studies, which demonstrate and confirm the safety of GM crops.

“These products have been proven to be safe. This report does not provide any basis to conclude otherwise,” said Jerry Hjelle, Ph.D., Vice President of Monsanto’s regulatory group.

Activist groups for years have attempted to call into question the safety of biotech crops. “They have made multiple allegations based on data taken out of context and lacking rigorous scientific review. These have ultimately failed to be substantiated,” said Dr. Hjelle.

“The safety of our products is our utmost priority,” he said. “We will evaluate the full study when it is released along with other evidence.”

The Austrian study focused on MON 810 and NK603 corn technologies, which have a history of safe use since their introduction in 1997 and 2001, respectively. These products have been thoroughly tested and consumed for nearly a decade. Regulatory authorities in more than 20 countries have concluded that these products are as safe as conventional corn.

About Monsanto Company

Monsanto Company is a leading global provider of technology-based solutions and agricultural products that improve farm productivity and food quality. Monsanto remains focused on enabling both small-holder and large-scale farmers to produce more from their land while conserving more of our world’s natural resources such as water and energy. To learn more about our business and our commitments, please visit: www.monsanto.com

CONTACT: Brad Mitchell, Monsanto Company +1-314-694-6132

 

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