奥地利政府委托维也纳大学转基因食品危害做独立研究:转基因玉米导致不育症

新研究结果显示:转基因玉米导致不育症

2008年11月12日发表与 GM Watch(EU) 《转基因食品观察》杂志 (欧洲版)
    Straight to the Source  < 原文链接
    本文出处网站:有机食品消费者联盟官方网站
    http://www.organicconsumers.org/articles/article_15588.cfm

目录:

1.  新的研究证实了转基因食品会损害生殖能力。

2. 奥地利卫生和食品管理局官方声明:
奥地利的研究显示,转基因对小老鼠的繁殖系统的健康有不良的影响。

3. 孟山都公司针对转基因系列玉米NK603 X MON 810食品安全质疑的声明
【暂时省略】

正文:
1. 新的研究证实了转基因食品会损害生殖能力。
发表于GM Free Cymru杂志,2008年11月12日。
 

这个新的奥地利研究结果,将如冲击波一样震动欧盟的权力中心,以及那些
生产和销售转基因食品的公司。研究结构显示:转基因食品对繁殖系统有损害作用。(注1)
这项研究是在奥地利卫生部的请求下开始进行的。研究结果昨天已经被公布出来。
Jurgen Zentek 教授和他的团队把这项的研究结果向奥地利
卫生和食品安全局的专家们做了展示。
这项研究是在维也纳大学进行的。研究所用的转基因玉米是hybrid
(两者合成的)的:NK603 x MON810。它有两个 RR 基因,每个基因
都有其自己不同的 promoter sequence (高手帮忙?),  MON810也是如此。
 

研究项目之一是为了考察长期食用已经获准允许上市的转基因食品(注2)
对健康的影响。在长达20周的实验期间,实验老鼠的生殖能力
已经被严重的损坏,比那些食用非转基因的老鼠所生的后代要少。
另外一项研究,是考察转基因食品对老鼠后代健康的影响:
食用转基因饲料的老鼠,其第3代和第4代开始数量减少。
结果显示其数量与食用非转基因的老鼠有明显的统计数量差。
食用非转基因食品的老鼠生殖的频率更快。不仅如此,这项
严格控制的实验的统计结果显示,这些第3代和第4代的老鼠的体重,
比食用非转基因的那些老鼠有明显的统计数量上的减少。
 

尽管奥地利官方用谨慎的态度公布了这项研究结果,尽管官方强调
还需要更进一步的研究,这项研究结果的影响是深远和立竿见影的。
 Dr Brian John 代表 GM Free Cymru 说,这项研究对全世界转基因工业
来说将是一个巨大的打击,因为它显示,孟山都的转基因作物系列
— NK603 x MON810 —  虽然被EFSA认证,并为欧盟接受,可以用在
人的食品与动物饲料当中,其实它们是有害于健康的。
这项研究还表明,那些所谓的认证过程,往好了说是失职的,往坏了说,
是腐败的,正如许多NGOs(非政府组织)多年来一直所说的那样。(注3)

 
这项实验也验证了 Irina Ermakova 在 2005 年所做的实验:
她的研究发现:食用含有转基因大豆的饲料,会使得这些老鼠的后代
比不吃转基因饲料的老鼠的后代变得虚弱,并且死亡率较高。(注4)
她的研究还显示:如果公和母双方都吃转基因大豆的话,
它们就变得不育,不能够生出后代。
她的这项研究,遭到了转基因工业所制造的舆论骗局的猛烈的、
卑劣的抨击,而他们其实完全理解这项研究的重要性。(注5)
由于一直都有人说,所有的大豆制品(无论是转基因还是非转基因),
都会对生殖系统有损害(注6),所以,这项新近的研究就没有使用转基因大豆,
而是用了转基因玉米,正因为这样,它才有这如此巨大的影响和作用。
孟山都公司本身也做过类似的研究,其目的是为了掩盖转基因食品对机体的危害,
然而其结果任然显示,食用含有孟山都的玉米系列 MON863  的饲料,
会伤害动物的内脏(注7)。
 

这项新的欧盟政府所委托\资助的研究结果证明,
那个孟山都公司的口头禅:转基因食品对健康无害,
不过是一个弥天大谎。
在1998年Arpad Pusztai开始做这方面的研究。这项最新的研究结果,
正如过去十多年的其他的研究结果所显示的一样:转基因食品的的确确
对健康有多种危害。(注8)
GM Free Cymru 已经开始写信给环境部大臣Hilary Benn
并敦促他改变他最近的声明(注9): 说“科学证据明
确显示了转基因食品的安全性。”
  非政府组织一直在指控他以及他的顾问委员会,
在鼓励对转基因食品的安全性睁一只眼闭一只眼,
并且暗示,关于转基因食品的对健康的影响的辩论已经结束了。

这封敦促/挑战信(注10)说:“您和您的顾问们,一直以来都
对独立研究人员的研究结果持不屑一顾的态度。他们的研究结果
显示出转基因食品的危害性:转基因食品会造成细胞和组织损伤。

您能否改变您先前所持的转基因健康问题的辩论已经结束的观点呢?
您能否把英国消费者的健康权益放在那些转基因食品公司的权益之上呢?
文章结束  【请看注释下面奥地利官方就此研究所做的声明】
关于此文若有问题请问:Dr Brian John  电话:01239-820470

=================================

NOTES  注释:

(1)  Austrian study shows GM corn negatively affects reproductive health in mice http://www.ages.at/ueber-uns/presse/pressemeldungen/klars
Genetically-engineered food: potential threat to fertility
Greenpeace International, 11 November 2008 http://www.greenpeace.org/international/press/releases/ge

(2) NK603 x MON810 EFSA positive opinions for hybrid lines: http://www.foodlaw.rdg.ac.uk/news/eu-05071.htm
Commission approval for food and feed 24 October 2007 (includes EFSA opinion) http://www.gmo-compass.org/eng/gmo/db/61.docu.html

(3)  http://www.gmfreecymru.org/open_letters/Open_letter10Dec2http://www.greenpeace.org/international/press/reports/gp_… http://www.i

sis.org.uk/CAGMMAD.php

(4)  http://www.regnum.ru/english/526651.html http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/ermakova.htm http://www.seedsofdeception.com/utility/showArticle/?

obje… http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/rottweiler.htm

(5)  The Ermakova study was of course so appalling in its findings that the GM apologists McHughen, Moses, Chassy and Giddings “set her up” for an

orchestrated attack, with the connivance of Nature Biotechnology. http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/rottweiler.htm

http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/involvement_erm

(6)  http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2008/jul/24/foodtech.me

(7)  http://www.scoop.co.nz/mason/stories/HL0311/S00113.htm http://www.organicconsumers.org/ge/testing112403.cfm

http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/monsanto2.htm

(8)  http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/ten_years_on.htm

(9)  Benn backs GM food safety News | 10 November, 2008.  By Jack Davies http://www.farmersguardian.com/story.asp?sectioncode=1&st

(10)  Letter available on request
Contact: Dr Brian John   医生电话: Tel 01239-820470

NOTES  注释:

(1)  Austrian study shows GM corn negatively affects reproductive health in mice http://www.ages.at/ueber-uns/presse/pressemeldungen/klars…
Genetically-engineered food: potential threat to fertility
Greenpeace International, 11 November 2008 http://www.greenpeace.org/international/press/releases/ge…

(2) NK603 x MON810 EFSA positive opinions for hybrid lines: http://www.foodlaw.rdg.ac.uk/news/eu-05071.htm
Commission approval for food and feed 24 October 2007 (includes EFSA opinion) http://www.gmo-compass.org/eng/gmo/db/61.docu.html

(3)  http://www.gmfreecymru.org/open_letters/Open_letter10Dec2… http://www.greenpeace.org/international/press/reports/gp_… http://www.i-sis.org.uk/CAGMMAD.php

(4)  http://www.regnum.ru/english/526651.html http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/ermakova.htm http://www.seedsofdeception.com/utility/showArticle/?obje… http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/rottweiler.htm

(5)  The Ermakova study was of course so appalling in its findings that the GM apologists McHughen, Moses, Chassy and Giddings “set her up” for an orchestrated attack, with the connivance of Nature Biotechnology. http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/rottweiler.htm http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/involvement_erm…

(6)  http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2008/jul/24/foodtech.me…

(7)  http://www.scoop.co.nz/mason/stories/HL0311/S00113.htm http://www.organicconsumers.org/ge/testing112403.cfm http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/monsanto2.htm

(8)  http://www.gmfreecymru.org/pivotal_papers/ten_years_on.htm

(9)  Benn backs GM food safety News | 10 November, 2008.  By Jack Davies http://www.farmersguardian.com/story.asp?sectioncode=1&st…

(10)  Letter available on request 

======   奥地利政府机构 就此项研究所发布的的官方声明 

— —2. Austrian study shows GM corn negatively affects reproductive health in mice        奥地利研究显示:转基因玉米对实验老鼠生殖系统的健康有消极的影响

 
Clarification on new findings on feeding GM corn

澄清转基因饲料危害老鼠健康的研究结果

Need for further studies exists

有做实验进一步确认初步研究成果的必要
Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, 11 November 2008. 

奥地利健康与食品卫生局2008年11月11日声明:

Vienna — GM corn as animal feed may, under special trial conditions, have an influence on the reproduction rate of laboratory mice. 维也纳 — 转基因玉米作为饲料可能 — 在特殊的实验条件下 — 对实验室老鼠的生殖频率产生影响

This is the result of a study by Professor Jürgen Zentek (Veterinary University of Vienna, Austria), commissioned by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Health, Family and Youth Affairs and presented today during an expert conference to AGES, the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety. While this represents an individual study whose results may not be directly applied to humans, it shows, however, that there is a need for further studies.  这是奥地利维也纳大学Jurgen Zentek教授,在奥地利联邦政府的健康\家庭\和青年事务部的委托下所做的。今天他在奥地利健康和食品安全局的专家会议上,宣布了项研究的结果。这是一项个人的研究,其结果不一定直接适用于人类,因此,有进一步的研究的必要。

Less offspring in the fourth generation 食用转基因食物的老鼠在第四代时,其后代数量减少

It was the objective of the study to analyze possible effects of GMO corn NK603 X MON810 in long-term feeding trials covering several generations of mice. 这是一项客观的研究实验:为了分析长期 — 几代时间 — 食用转基因玉米NK603 X MON810对健康的影响。

Three trial designs were applied: A multi-generation study, the method of continued breeding, and a lifetime trial.  实验分三个项目:跨代研究,持续繁殖研究,和单代终生研究。

The mice were fed a test diet of 33 percent corn of the GMO corn variety NK603 X MON810.  老鼠的饲料中含有 33% 的转基因玉米 NK603 X MON810的实验用饲料。

 In the multi-generation study, a control group was fed non-GM corn grown in Austria.  在多代研究项目里,有一个控制组,它们的食物是长在在奥地利的非转基因的玉米。

The results show no differences in the feed intake and the weight development of adult animals.   研究显示:在首代的成年老鼠中,饮食量和体重增长各组没有区别。

Although in one of the trial designs the number of litters and of offspring in continuous breeding of the GMO feed group decreased more than in the control group: In the GMO feed group more females were without litter than in the control group. The lifetime trial showed no difference.  但是在持续繁殖的实验项目中,食用转基因饲料的那组老鼠的生殖后代的次数和数量都比控制组的老鼠有所减少:在转基因组中,有更多数量的母鼠没有后代。单代实验结果显示没有差异。

The study shows that multi-generation studies are indeed appropriate to show feeding influences in mice. Similar approaches must analyze whether similar findings can be expected in other animals. According to Prof. Jürgen Zentek, a validation of these preliminary results by further studies is urgently necessary.  这项研究显示:跨代实验的确能显示出来食用不同饲料的对健康的影响。必须用同样的方法在其他的动物身上做类似的实验,看看结果是否相同。Jurgen Zentek教授说,用更深入广泛的实验,来进一步地确认这些初步研究的结果,是当前十分很紧迫的任务。

Queries:  相关问题询问方法:

AGES , Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety   奥地利健康和食品安全局
Corporate Communication: Univ.-Doz. Ingrid Kiefer Tel: +43 50 555-25000    公共关系部:Univ.-Doz. Ingrid Kiefer Tel: 电话: +43 50 555-25000   

电子邮箱:
E-Mail: ingrid.kiefer@ages.at
— —

3. Monsanto’s statement on safety allegations related to transgenic maize NK603 X MON 810   孟山都公司针对转基因系列玉米NK603 X MON 810食品安全质疑的声明  【公司宣传:大意:试图否定和淡化上述研究的作用和影响。稍后再做翻译。急于发稿 为读者奉上关键部分。】
http://monsanto.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=43&item=658

ST. LOUIS (November 11, 2008) — On November 11, 2008, Greenpeace International published a press statement which questions the safety of two of Monsanto’s corn trait technologies, Roundup Ready Corn 2 (Event NK603) and YieldGard Corn Borer technology (Event MON810). The statement was based on a preliminary report of a study entitled,  “Biological effects of transgenic maize NK603 X MON 810 fed in long term reproduction studies in mice” released on the same day.

The full study is yet to be released, and so Monsanto cannot comment specifically on the findings. In fact, the author of the study, Dr. Jurgen Zentek, remarked that his team’s three studies show inconsistent results and should be considered preliminary.

Consistent with Dr. Zentek’s remarks, the scientific community refrains from making any substantive conclusions based on a preliminary report. The gold standard for communication of scientific results is a thorough peer review by qualified experts.

The Greenpeace press statement is inconsistent with over a decade of reputable, peer-reviewed, scientific studies, including multi-generational studies, which demonstrate and confirm the safety of GM crops.

“These products have been proven to be safe. This report does not provide any basis to conclude otherwise,” said Jerry Hjelle, Ph.D., Vice President of Monsanto’s regulatory group.

Activist groups for years have attempted to call into question the safety of biotech crops. “They have made multiple allegations based on data taken out of context and lacking rigorous scientific review. These have ultimately failed to be substantiated,” said Dr. Hjelle.

“The safety of our products is our utmost priority,” he said. “We will evaluate the full study when it is released along with other evidence.”

The Austrian study focused on MON 810 and NK603 corn technologies, which have a history of safe use since their introduction in 1997 and 2001, respectively. These products have been thoroughly tested and consumed for nearly a decade. Regulatory authorities in more than 20 countries have concluded that these products are as safe as conventional corn.

About Monsanto Company

Monsanto Company is a leading global provider of technology-based solutions and agricultural products that improve farm productivity and food quality. Monsanto remains focused on enabling both small-holder and large-scale farmers to produce more from their land while conserving more of our world’s natural resources such as water and energy. To learn more about our business and our commitments, please visit: http://www.monsanto.com

CONTACT: Brad Mitchell, Monsanto Company +1-314-694-6132

About tothedust

tothedust
此条目发表在Uncategorized分类目录,贴了, , 标签。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

发表评论

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / 更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / 更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / 更改 )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / 更改 )

Connecting to %s